Duke Medicine Timeline

- North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital opens

North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital opens, established with federal funds on property donated by Duke University. It is later renamed Lenox Baker Hospital.

- Cerebral palsy hospital dedicated

North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital is dedicated with 40 beds. It is later renamed to Lenox Baker Hospital.

- Child-proof safety caps

Duke pediatrician Jay Arena leads the push for drug companies to develop the child-proof safety cap for medicine bottles.

Safety cap advertisement

- Nurses' housing

Hanes House for Nurses opens.

- BSN degree program

In response to the challenges of greater patient responsibility for nurses, the School of Nursing launches a four-year professional program leading to a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) degree.

- Duke Poison Control Center Opens

The Duke Poison Control Center is organized, becoming the second such center in the United States.

- Duke Center for Aging

Psychiatrist Ewald W. Busse establishes the Duke University Center for Aging, the first research center of its kind in the nation. Now the oldest continuously running aging center in the United States, the Duke Center for Aging has pioneered long-term studies of health problems among the elderly.

Dr. Busse shows a piece of paper to another man.

- Cancer research

R. Wayne Rundles leads the creation of the Southeastern Cancer Chemotherapy Cooperative Study Group and chairs the group for ten years.

- First open-heart surgery

Duke University Medical Center’s first open-heart surgery performed by a team led by Drs. Will C. Sealy, Ivan W. Brown, and W. Glenn Young.

- Medical Center expansion

Outpatient and PDC plus Hanes and Reed private floors and operating rooms opened.

aerial view of hospital

- Units renamed

The School of Medicine and Hospital are renamed "Duke University Medical Center."

- Graduate nursing program

Under the leadership of Thelma Ingles, professor and chair of the Development of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Duke develops the Clinical Nursing Specialist program, the first master's of its kind in the United States.

- Physician-Scientist training program

Duke’s signature Physician-Scientist training program is inagurated under the leadership of Drs. Handler, Stead, and Wyngaarden. A forerunner of NIH’s Medical Scientist Training Program, it puts Duke medical students into research experiences for 9 months of their training. 

- Advances in open-heart surgery

Duke develops a machine that lowers patients' blood temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit and is the first to place a patient under this deep hypothermia during open-heart surgery.

blood heat exchanger